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International transportation
shiploads from 1500 tons

whole ships
and part cargo

works in Russia

customs clearance
in Russia

What is a ship's lot?

Shipload is a consignment of goods sufficient to load a vessel. Bulk, liquid and oversized cargoes can be considered as ship's consignment. As a rule, these are shipments of 5000 tons or more. The tonnage depends on the geography. For example, vessels from 10 000 tons are used for ocean crossing and crossing the Suez Canal, and vessels for 3000-5000 tons are relevant for small crossings, for example, in the Black Sea.

Calculation of the freight rate depends on many variables (we will tell you about it below) and is carried out under a specific request for cargo and a specific vessel, so it is impossible to announce the rate per ton. The final freight rate is fixed only at the moment of signing the Gencon.

What is а part cargo?

Part сargo - a shipment of goods sufficient for transportation in the hold of the vessel. In this case, the charterer does not pay for the whole vessel, but for the volume occupied in the vessel's hold. Such delivery scheme is suitable for dry cargoes on pallets, big bags and oversized cargoes.

It is reasonable to consider part-cargo from 1500-3000 tons depending on geography

What does the cost of freight depend on?

  1. Length and features of the route
  2. Cost of bunker (fuel)
  3. Level of demand and supply in the market
  4. Geopolitical situation (e.g. ship insurance is more expensive when military risks are high)
  5. Ice conditions (an ice class vessel with ice guiding costs more)
  6. Type of vessel (twindeckers and reefers are more expensive than bulk carriers)
  7. Loading and unloading norms in ports

Types of vessels

1. Cargo ship

1.1. Bulker

This type of marine vessels is adapted for transportation of dry bulk cargoes - ore, grain crops, coal, bulk construction materials and raw materials for their production

- Mini-bulkers

Deadweight up to 10,000 tons, used for small passages (e.g. Black Sea

- Handysize

Deadweight up to 60,000 tons. The most popular bulk carrier format. Can enter small ports. Usually equipped with cranes that provide convenient loading/unloading in ports

- Panamax

Average deadweight 65,000 tons. Maximum allowable format for the passage of the Panama Canal. They mainly carry coal and grain, less frequently "small balks"

- Post-Panamax

Ships can pass through a new group of Panama Canal locks

- Capesize

They have deadweight of over 150,000 tons. Such bulk carriers cannot pass through the Suez and Panama Canals due to their large dimensions, so they can only follow routes along the Cape of Good Hope or Cape Horn. They mainly transport iron ore and coal

1.2. Lumber carrier

They are used to deliver lumber, mostly on deck. The deck is enclosed by a high-strength bulwark and equipped with special devices to secure the load

1.3 Refrigerated vessels (reefers)

It is used for transportation of cargoes with short shelf life in insulated holds with special equipment and small hatches. Usually fruits, vegetables, seafood are transported in this way

1.4. Rollers, Ro-Ro (car carriers)

These vessels are designed for horizontal loading by the roll-on/roll-off method. They have a spacious hold and several decks. They carry motor vehicles, special vehicles, railroad cars, loaded trailers.

Cargoes are moved using internal ramps or elevators. There is no need for wharves equipped with lifting equipment. Wheeled vehicles are driven from the berth to the deck by temporarily laid ramps (ramps), which are bow, side, stern. The stern ramp is a universal design that allows the rollcage to moor at almost any berth. Side and bow ramps, more often than not, serve as additional ramps and allow organizing two or more loading/unloading streams

2. Tankers

Bulk carriers adapted for bulk transportation of special cargoes. Tankers are equipped with pumping and piping systems to carry out cargo operations. Most often oil and petroleum products are transported by this type of vessels, but water, product oils and other liquid cargoes are also transported by this type of vessels

2.1. Gas carriers

Tankers transporting natural and petroleum gases in liquid state under pressure and/or at low temperatures in special tanks

2.2. Chemical trucks

Tankers for the delivery of liquid chemically active cargoes. All tanks and loading/unloading systems are made of acid-resistant corrosion-resistant steels or other materials coated with chemically resistant compounds

What information is needed to calculate freight cost?

1) Name of goods

2) Port of loading

3) Port of discharge

4) How the goods are packed (bulk or big bags/pallets)

If packed in big bags or on pallets:

  • - Size of one load
  • - Number of packages
  • - Weight of one package
  • - Maximum number of tiers
  • If in bulk:

    - Total weight and volume

    6) Date the cargo is ready for shipment

    7) Loading and unloading rates at ports

Cost designation

Lumpsum - whole vessel price

$/тн - cost in dollars per ton

$/ WM - the dollar value for the higher figure, i.e. volume or weight. Often used for oversize shipments

FIOS - freight terms that do not include transshipment, loading and unloading

Freight cost calculation

To calculate the cost of freight, please send the corresponding completed application form to

If you have any questions about filling out the application, our specialists can help you.
To get help, call us on:
+7 (812) 409-38-93

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